How To Make Your Own Garden Soil

How To Make Your Own Garden Soil

A Soil Blend For Your Garden

If you are looking to start a vegetable garden in the Midwest, specifically in Northern Michigan, one of the most important decisions you will make is the type of soil you use. The soil in this region can be sandy and lacking in nutrients, so it is important to choose a soil that will provide the necessary nutrients and support healthy plant growth. In this article, we will explore the best soil for gardens in Northern Michigan and why it is important to choose the right soil for your garden.

(Featured Image: Raised Garden Bed by Shawn Campbell)

This post contains affiliate links to some of our favorite soil amendments. We may earn a small commission if purchases are made through those links.

Why Is Soil So Important For Plant Health?

Soil is the foundation of a healthy vegetable garden. It provides essential nutrients, air, and water to plants, which is crucial for their growth and development. Good soil is rich in organic matter, which provides the nutrients that plants need to thrive. Organic matter also improves soil structure, making it easier for roots to penetrate and access nutrients and water.

Choosing the right soil for your region is essential to the success of your garden. Poor soil can lead to stunted growth, poor yield, and increased susceptibility to pests and diseases. In Northern Michigan, the sandy soil can be particularly challenging for vegetable gardening, so it is important to choose the right soil to provide the necessary nutrients and support healthy plant growth.

What Is The Best Soil Blend For Michigan Gardens?

The best soil for organic vegetable gardens in Northern Michigan is a soil that is rich in organic matter and provides the necessary nutrients for healthy plant growth. Organic matter is the decomposed remains of plants and animals, and it is the foundation of healthy soil. It improves soil structure, enhances water retention, and provides essential nutrients to plants.

Compost is the best source of organic matter for vegetable gardens. It is easy to obtain and can be made at home from kitchen scraps, yard waste, and other organic materials. Compost is an excellent soil amendment that provides a wide range of nutrients and beneficial microorganisms to support healthy plant growth.

A bell pepper grown in a hand made soil blend.

Bell Pepper by Ken Cook

Best Amendments For Michigan Soil

Peat moss is a common soil amendment that improves water retention and soil structure. It is an excellent source of organic matter and is particularly useful in sandy soil, where it can help to retain moisture and nutrients. We use this peat moss by Espoma for our custom soil blends. We find the blend to be consistent in every bag, and it is always a quality lightweight amendment for our soils.

Vermiculite is a lightweight mineral that is often added to soil to improve water retention and aeration. It is particularly useful in heavy clay soil, where it can help to improve soil structure and drainage. Choose a vermiculite blend that is organic for gardening, such as this organic vermiculite by Perfect Plants. Using organic soil amendments ensures you can use your custom soil blend on a variety of garden and landscape applications.

Perlite is a lightweight volcanic mineral that is often added to soil to improve aeration and drainage. It helps to prevent soil compaction and allows roots to penetrate and access nutrients and water more easily. Choose a high quality and organic perlite mix for any organic gardening applications. We recommend this mix by Organic Gardening.

Worm castings are the waste products of earthworms and are a rich source of nutrients and beneficial microorganisms. They improve soil structure and fertility and can help to suppress plant diseases and pests. Worm castings are dense and heavy, and are best when used alongside lightweight amendments like vermiculite and perlite. We use Wiggle Worm Pure Worm Castings on our nursery plants, and have noticed a huge difference in their growth and production.

A Garden Soil Recipe


  • 2 parts topsoil
  • 2 parts compost
  • 1 part perlite or vermiculite
  • 1 part peat moss
  • 1/2 part sand
  • Optional: lime, bone meal, or other amendments


  1. Begin by gathering your ingredients. You can purchase them from a garden center or home improvement store.
  2. Mix together the topsoil and compost in a large container or wheelbarrow. These two ingredients will form the base of your soil mixture.
  3. Add in the perlite or vermiculite. These materials will help improve drainage and aeration in the soil.
  4. Mix in the peat moss. This will help improve moisture retention and soil structure.
  5. Finally, add in the sand. This will further improve drainage and help prevent the soil from becoming too compacted.
  6. Optional: If your soil is too acidic, you can add some lime to help balance the pH. If you want to increase the nutrient content of your soil, you can add bone meal or other amendments.
  7. Thoroughly mix all the ingredients together until they are well blended.
  8. Your garden soil is now ready to use! Spread it over your garden beds and mix it into the existing soil. It’s a good idea to add a layer of organic mulch on top to help retain moisture and suppress weeds.

Enjoy your healthy, nutrient-rich garden soil!

Start With Healthy Plants, Add Healthy Soil

There are many advantages of creating your own soil blends, but the top advantage is the ability to customize your soil according to what is being planted. Some plants, such as blueberries, require acidic soil that needs a higher proportion of peat moss and other acidic amendments than most plants. Succulents and cacti require very well draining soil and will benefit from more perlite and vermiculite than traditional garden plants.

Mixing your own soil can be a simple process as long as you start with the right ingredients. Begin with the ingredients mentioned above, then you can add in other soil amendments that might be more applicable to your own garden. Always keep in mind the soil you’re starting with before you plan out your custom blend. Happy gardening!

A pair of gardening gloves with soil on the fingers hanging in the branch of a tree.

Garden Gloves by Q. Dombrowski